Panchang Contd.

posted May 19, 2011, 4:15 PM by Alok Sharma   [ updated May 23, 2011, 6:43 PM ]

We were discussing about the Hindu calendar, Panchaang. We had already covered the importance and meaning of Panchang. We had also discussed two out of the five parts which define Panchangam - Vaar and Tithi. Please read that article below. 

Now let us look at the remaining three parts of a Panchang - Nakshatra, Yog and Karan.

Click here for today's Panchang

This part of Panchanga defines the position of the Moon. It tells us which constellation Moon is travelling in, on that day. One Naksatra occupies 13 degrees and 20 minutes in the sky. So, the total 360 degrees of the sky has 27 Nakshatras. 

Yog tells us the angular relationship between Sun and Moon. But unlike tithi, which is the longitudinal difference between Sun and Moon, yog is the longitudinal sum of their positions. There are 27 yogas and each have a specific nature which provides unfavorable or favorable conditions for certain matters.

Defines half of a tithi. There are hence two karans in each tithi. 

Apart from above information, a Panchang also conveys the transit of planets. Transit is the current positions of planets in space. 

All this information is calculated using a highly advanced mathematical approach. This makes Indian calendar, Panchang, a highly sophisticated almanac of dates, times and planetary positions. All this information is used to determine things like auspicious muhurats, suitability of the day for people and for a specific area of activity. Hence, in depth knowledge of Panchanga is essential for understanding and practicing Astrology